Report: Baltimore murders have doubled – yet the State’s Attorney’s solution is to stop prosecuting certain crime?

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BALTIMORE, MD- On March 26th, Baltimore City State’s Attorney Marilyn Mosby held a press conference outside the courthouse in downtown Baltimore where she announced that her officer would no longer be prosecuting various “low-level” crimes.

During her announcement, she also declared that the “war on drugs” in her city was over. According to the Baltimore Sun, the data that her office provided shows that what Mosby claims is a departure from what has not been working, is really just a continuation of a sharp trend of de-policing and non-prosecution of drug laws in the city. 

When Mosby took office in January 2015, drug arrests had already decreased by 67 percent from 2011 to 2015. After she took office, those arrests fell another 52 percent by 2019. During the same time, 2011-2019, the city’s homicide rate nearly doubled from 31 per 100,000 residents to 59 per 100,000 residents.

The Sun reported that when local officials choose not to enforce certain federal and state laws, they are literally inviting a world of trouble. According to the Sun:

“By eliminating the risk of prosecution for drug possession and attempted distribution in the city, but not in the rest of Maryland (where drug arrests have remained roughly stable over the last decade), Ms. Mosby is increasing the profitability of the drug trade and inviting more of it to relocate here. Since competition for ‘turf’ and profits in this trade frequently take violent forms, this is very likely to lead to ‘high-level’ crimes and loss of life.”

As stated by the Sun, the data shows that since 2011, drug arrests have decreased, but homicides have doubled and if Mosby truly wished to end “what has not been working,” then she needs to prosecute individuals and enforce state and federal law. 

In April, Mosby gave City Council members additional information on her office’s now permanent policy to no longer prosecute minor crimes like drug possession and prostitution. She said:

“There is no public safety value and never really was any public safety value in prosecuting these low-level offenses.”

She added:

“It is wholly counterproductive to continue to prioritize low-level offenses over violent crime.”

Mosby’s new policy is facing sharp criticism from the Baltimore City Fraternal Order of Police (FOP). According to the Baltimore FOP, Mosby is giving drug users, sex workers, and trespassers free reign to terrorize the city. 

Kurt Nachtman, a former Baltimore city prosecutor, now a defense attorney, calls Mosby’s new policy “simply a bad idea.” He said:

“I think there’s a sentiment in Baltimore city that if you’re caught for a low-level crime you are not going to get prosecuted and so there is a certain level of brazenness that has taken hold in the city.”

Although the FOP strongly disagree withs Mosby’s policy, they made a public memo confirming that the police department would continue to align its practices with Mosby’s policies. 

Under the directive, officers can only charge someone with offenses like drug possession, prostitution, and trespassing after consulting with a superior who is a lieutenant or above.

The city will now look at lesser offenses as public health issues and will connect people with help through Baltimore Crisis Response Incorporated instead if putting them behind bars. Mosby added that the mayor’s office is now exploring how to divert 911 calls for these minor offenses to health services officials. She said:

“You call 911 and what the police department is doing is making those referrals to those agencies, calling those agencies and those agencies are actually responding to the locations and providing the services.”

Mosby has stated that as long as she is the city state’s attorney, she has no intention of going back to prosecuting low-level offenses. 

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Baltimore police procedures “adjusted” after state attorney’s office says they’ll no longer prosecute low level offenses

April 12th, 2021

BALTIMORE, MD– On Friday, April 9th, the Baltimore City Police issued a memo to officers with new instructions about police enforcement procedures.

The letter’s subject line was “Continued Modified Enforcement Procedures” and said, in part:

“Charges for certain offenses may be effectuated by requesting a charging document from a District Court Commissioner. This an be done only after consulting with a lieutenant or above to determine whether seeking criminal charges is appropriate and reasonable based on the likely outcomes.”

The letter then listed off the offenses to which that order would apply to:

CDS (drug) possession;
Attempted distribution of CDS;
Paraphernalia possession;
Prostitution;
Trespassing;
Minor traffic offenses;
Open container;
Rogue and vagabond; and
Urinating/defecating in public.

The letter stated that certain procedures would need to be followed when officers encounter a person who would ordinarily be arrested for the offenses mentioned. Those procedures are:

Temporarily detain the offender for the length of time required to confirm identity, offender may be transported to an investigative unit to further active investigations;

Prepare all reporting according to policy (incident reports, supplemental reports, investigatory stop reporting, application for charges), noting that the incident is one in which you are guided by this procedure; and

Release the offender.

Michael Sullivan, the Deputy Commission of the Operations Bureau also stated in the letter that in addition to the above mentioned offenses, the list of procedures may be applied to other misdemeanor crimes that are non-violent and are not a threat to public safety.

According to reports, this letter comes just two weeks after Baltimore City’s top prosecutor announced that the largest city in Maryland will no longer prosecute minor drug possession charges, sex work offenses, and other minor violations.

Instead, the City will work with a behavioral health organization to work with people in crisis and get them the help that they need. The City’s State’s Attorney, Marilyn Mosby, called her move a way to “end the war on drugs.”

During the pandemic, Mosby’s office temporarily halted the prosecutions and now has made the move to permanently halt those prosecutions as a way to prioritize the resources more efficiently in her office and instead focus on violent crime. She said that during the pandemic, criminal activity declined. She added:

“Clearly, the data suggests that there is no public safety value in prosecuting these lower level offenses.”

Her decision was met with criticism from some people who create the laws she has chosen to no longer enforce. Sen. Robert Cassilly (R-Hartford County), said he supports prosecutorial judgement, but described Mosby’s decision as not that. He said in a statement:

“Prosecutors take an oath to uphold the constitution in the state of Maryland and the constitution says the general assembly sets the policy, not the prosecutors. I respect the whole prosecutorial discretion. That’s not prosecutorial discretion, that’s an exercise in legislating. That’s what the legislature is supposed to do.”

Mosby was asked if she was worried about sending the message that lawlessness in the city would be tolerated since the crimes she is now choosing to not prosecute are still illegal under the law. She responded by saying:

“I say follow the data. So, what we’ve been able to prove in the past year is that crime has decreased.”

She said, however, that her office will still prosecute violent crimes. She added:

“When it comes to those violent offenses: carjackings, murders, armed robberies, attempted murders and drug distribution, we are still prosecuting you. The police will still arrest you.”

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Baltimore to stop prosecuting ‘low-level crimes’ including drug possession and prostitution

March 27th, 2021

BALTIMORE, MD – Relying on controversial mathematics and statistics, Baltimore has announced that low-level crimes including drug possession and prostitution will no longer be prosecuted within city limits.

The decision is based on statistics showing that crime has decreased during the pandemic.

One year ago, Baltimore’s State’s Attorney Marilyn Mosby stopped prosecuting drug possession, prostitution, minor traffic violations, and other low-level offenses. The move was designed to limit the spread of COVID-19 through prison populations. Mosby said:

“A year ago, we underwent an experiment in Baltimore. What we learned in that year, and it’s so incredibly exciting, is there’s no public safety value in prosecuting these low-level offenses. These low-level offenses were being, and have been, discriminately enforced against Black and Brown people.

“The era of ‘tough on crime’ prosecutors is over in Baltimore. We have to rebuild the community’s trust in the criminal justice system and that’s what we will do, so we can focus on violent crime.”

City officials claim that the move not only decreased prison populations, nearly all categories of crime declined. Mosby said the numbers prove that enforcement of quality-of-life crimes is not required to stop serious crime:

“Clearly prosecuting low-level offenses with no public safety value is counterproductive to the limited law enforcement resources we have.

When the courts open next month, I want my prosecutors working with the police and focused on violent offenses, like armed robbery, carjacking cases and drug distribution organizations that are the underbelly of the violence in Baltimore, not using valuable jury trial time on those that suffer from addiction.”

Mosby touted success in the Covid Criminal Justice policies alongside the Mayor’s Office on Neighborhood Safety and Engagement (MONSE) and partners from Baltimore Crisis Response Inc., Johns Hopkins University, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), and other stakeholders.

Mosby’s office issued a statement reading:

“The policies enacted over the past year have resulted in a decrease in arrests, no adverse impact on the crime rate, and address the systemic inequity of mass incarceration.

Therefore, the State’s Attorney also announced today the permanent adoption of these policies as we continue to prioritize the prosecution of public safety crimes over low-level, non-violent offenses.”

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Mosby said making the Covid Criminal Justice policies permanent will end the war on crime and reduce discrimination in policing:

“Today, America’s war on drug users is over in the city of Baltimore. We leave behind the era of tough-on-crime prosecution and zero-tolerance policing and no longer default to the status quo to criminalize mostly people of color for addiction.

We will develop sustainable solutions and allow our public health partners to do their part to address mental health and substance use disorder.”

The Covid Criminal Justice policies enacted in Baltimore last year included ending prosecution of the following crimes:

  • CDS (drug) possession
  • Attempted distribution CDS
  • Paraphernalia possession
  • Prostitution
  • Trespassing
  • Minor traffic offenses
  • Open container
  • Rogue and vagabond
  • Urinating/defecating in public

In addition, Mosby’s office dismissed 1423 pending cases considered eligible by COVID policies, quashed 1415 warrants for the aforementioned offenses, and pushed Governor Larry Hogan to reduce the prison population, resulting in two executive orders on the early release of 2000 people.

Mayor Brandon Scott praised Mosby for the reforms:

“Reimagining public safety in Baltimore requires innovation and collaborative effort. I applaud State’s Attorney Mosby’s Office for working with partners to stem violence in Baltimore and ensure residents have the adequate support services they deserve.”

The city is using data from the Department of Public Safety and the Correctional Services to show that incarcerated populations in Baltimore City reduced by 18% during the pandemic. The same data suggests a 39% decrease in people entering the criminal justice system compared to the previous year.

In the past 12 months since the reduced prosecutions, violent crime is down 20 percent and property crime has declined 36 percent, according to Mosby’s office. However, the figures may not show the whole story.

Baltimore has one of the highest homicide rates in the country, and similar actions in other cities in response to the pandemic have not shown the same reduction in overall crime.

According to the National Commission on COVID-19 and Criminal Justice Impact Report released in January, homicide rates rose sharply across the country in 2020, as did aggravated assaults and gun assaults.

Homicide rates increased 30% from 2019, a record increase resulting in 1,268 more deaths.

The report also showed that property and drug crime rates fell significantly in 2020, with residential burglary decreasing by 24%, nonresidential burglary by 7%, larceny by 16%, and drug offenses by 30%.

These numbers show that the decreases seen in Baltimore may have had more to do with the pandemic than the reduction in enforcement.

The report concluded:

“Homicides increased in nearly all of the 34 cities in the sample. In the authors’ view, urgent action is necessary to address these rapidly rising rates.

Subduing the pandemic, increasing confidence in the police and the justice system, and implementing proven anti-violence strategies will be necessary to achieve a durable peace in the nation’s cities.”

Police Commissioner Michael Harrison said officers were struggling to follow the new policies. He said that officers were seeing their drug arrests dismissed by prosecutors in court, so they stopped making the arrests. Harrison said he had to “socialize” officers on the new approach:

“The officers told me they did not agree with that paradigm shift.”

Mosby said she expects police to fall in line behind the new policies:

“Our understanding is that the police are going to follow what they’ve been doing for the past year, which is not arresting people based on the offenses I mentioned.”

Some in the media questioned the motive behind Mosby’s policy shift away from prosecuting low-level crimes at a time when she and her husband were under federal investigation.

During a Friday news conference to announce the policies, Mosby was asked about the investigation, which her attorney has called a political attack.

A federal grand jury is looking into Mosby and Husband, City Council President Nick Mosby. A federal grand jury is looking into her campaign, their businesses, and their tax returns dating back to 2014.

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