Portland woman charged with hate crime. Where’s the media on this one?

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Portland, Oregon – A black woman is facing hate crime charges after allegedly assaulting a white woman outside of a bus in North Portland. Reports indicate that the suspect allegedly said “I hate white people” while engaging in the assault.

Read that again:

“I hate white people.”

 

Portland woman charged with hate crime. Where's the media on this one?
Nimo Jire Kalinle. (Multnomah County Sheriff’s Office)

 

Janae Jordan was allegedly pummeled right in front of her husband and child on January 19th by 42-year-old Nimo Jire Kalinle. The incident allegedly occurred right after Kalinle had stepped off of the bus stopped at North Fremont Street and Gantenbein Avenue.

 

During the unprovoked assault, the victim asked Kalinle why she was attacking her. According to a probable cause affidavit, Kalinle stated:

“It’s because you’re white and I hate white people.”

The husband of the victim intervened, and was able to restrain the suspect while waiting for police to arrive. Court documents showed that the suspect was apprehended and charged with fourth-degree felony assault, first-degree bias crime, second-degree bias crime, and two counts of interfering with public transportation.

Court documents further alleged that the victim had no previous interaction with Kalinle, citing the time of the assault as the first time ever seeing her. Kalinle went before a judge regarding the case on February 24th, where she pled not guilty to the charges levied. She’s scheduled for her next court appearance on March 6th.

While every form of crime motivated by a racial or ethnic bias is disturbing, it’s not often to see suspected black offenders make headlines similar to suspected white offenders. This is despite the fact that for every 2 reported hate crimes involving a white suspect, there’s on average 1 reported where the suspect is identified as black or African American.

 

 

While white suspects account for 53.6 percent of reported hate crimes, black suspects are reported 24 percent of the time. What makes those numbers disturbing is that the black population in America is slightly below 13 percent, while the white population sits at around 61 percent.

So, while the white population consists of the majority of hate crime offenders recorded by the FBI, it’s a population 4.6 times greater than the African American community. Meaning that a population over four times as great is committing hate crimes at a rate slightly over twice as high as the other, considerably smaller isolated population.

If the populations were adjusted to identical levels (i.e. a 1-to-1 instead of a 4.6-to-1), then you’d see that African Americans are actually twice as likely to commit a hate crime when compared to their white counterparts.

Crimes motivated by a racial bias are of concern, but keep in mind that the mainstream media is framing a picture not representing the entire truth.

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Murdered officer's grave desecrated before headstone even placed

Speaking of breaking down the numbers, check out this amazing study relating to the “why” behind violent crime and victimization that was penned by Leonard Sipes. 

Some of the most popular articles I write deal with the probability of a person being victimized by violent crime. The answers are more complex than you think.

We know that young people living in cities have a greater probability of being victimized than anyone else. But being a victim of a violent crime depends more on what you do than who you are.

For example, drug and alcohol use greatly heighten your risk of victimization. Most offenders are under the influence of drugs or alcohol when they commit their crimes.

Most rapes happen in a residential setting committed by someone known to you. Who you allow in your house or who’s house you to go into is important. Just because you know the person doesn’t mean you are safe from victimization.

The vast majority of victimization happens when you are alone. Regardless of the circumstances, being with another person greatly reduces your chances of harm.

Perceived vulnerability is critical. Criminals prey on the easiest targets including the disabled or repeat victims or the elderly for fraud or burglary. Being under the influence while displaying your expensive smartphone is risky. Always act as if you are in complete control of yourself and circumstances.

Two sources of data are presented below, one from the FBI and one from the National Crime Victimization Survey to give readers a sense of who is victimized and the circumstances involved.

Future articles will focus on where and when violent crime happens.

Why Violent Crime Happens-National Incident-Based Reporting System

Per the data below from the FBI (see below for details), there are categories of violent crime that are instructive. The chart focuses on homicides and aggravated assaults.

First, understand that the majority of violent crime happens between people who know each other. Strangers committed about 1.8 million nonfatal violent crimes, or about 38 percent of all nonfatal violent victimizations, Bureau Of Justice Statistics. The percentage will change from year to year, but what doesn’t change is the fact that most violent crime involves people you know.

Arguments are the driving force in most violent crimes. For anyone born in large cities, one of the first instructions from parents is avoiding unnecessary confrontations and how to extract yourself from potentially dangerous situations.

The second most frequent category is a lover’s quarrel, which is why I started the conversation with data on nonstranger violence. Some of the most violent crime scenes I witnessed as a police officer were domestic violence incidents.

The third category can be generalized into crime-related activities such as drug dealing, gangs or other felonies. Criminal offenders routinely assault each other.

The other and unknown circumstances are large to the point where they impact conclusions. But the lessons from this and other data remain, avoid unnecessary arguments at all costs and violent interactions between romantically involved people are a serious problem.

Knowing how to de-escalate confrontations and when to back away are important lessons. Crime prevention experts have always struggled with the question as to when to fight back.

The data suggest that responding to aggression with aggression has an impact as to non-completed crimes, yet injuries increase. Fight back to escape whenever possible.

Why Violent Crime Happens

Victimization Demographics For All Violent Crimes

As to all violent crimes, it’s necessary to use data from the National Crime Survey from the Bureau of Justice Statistics of the US Department of Justice, National Crime Victimization Survey. Only 43 percent of violent crime is reported to law enforcement, thus the need for a survey to get a better picture of all crime.

As stated victimization depends far more on the activities you choose to engage in than race, sex or income.

For example, those age 65 or older with upper incomes have, by far, the lowest rates of violent crime. However, if that 65-year-old chooses to go into a high crime neighborhood and purchase drugs, then his risk for violence dramatically increases.

If a 14-year-old (those 12-17 have high rates for violent crime) chooses to spend her evenings studying and spending time with her family, her chances for violent crime victimization drop dramatically.

Females knew their offenders in almost 70% of violent crimes committed against them (they are relatives, friends or acquaintances).

As to demographics, see the chart below:

Who Is Victimized By Violent Crime

Who Is Victimized By Violent Crime

What’s surprising is that females are victimized more by violent crime than males. The same applies to whites. In the not too distant past, women and whites had lower rates of violent victimization.

What’s traditional in victimization is that younger people, those divorced or separated and those with lesser incomes have higher rates of victimization.

People Perceived As Vulnerable

The disabled have much higher rates of violent crime.

People perceived as “vulnerable” are victimized more. This applies to mixed-race couples (well documented by the literature), the LGBT community, the elderly as it pertains to fraud or burglary, immigrants, victims of abuse (i.e., human trafficking), repeat victims of violent crime, and others, Crime and The Disabled.

Crime Prevention 

For crime prevention techniques, see Prevention.

The FBI’s National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS)-Background

Implemented to improve the overall quality of crime data collected by law enforcement, NIBRS captures details on each single crime incident, as well as on separate offenses within the same incident, including information on victims, known offenders, relationships between victims and offenders, arrestees, and property involved in crimes.

Unlike data reported through the UCR Program’s traditional Summary Reporting System, an aggregate monthly tally of crimes, NIBRS goes much deeper because of its ability to provide circumstances and context for crimes like location, time of day, and whether the incident was cleared.

As recommended by professional law enforcement organizations, the FBI has made the nationwide implementation of NIBRS a top priority because NIBRS can provide more useful statistics to promote constructive discussion, measured planning, and informed policing.

The vision for NIBRS is for it to become the law enforcement community’s standard for quantifying crime, which will help law enforcement and communities around the country use resources more strategically and effectively. In 2018, approximately 44 percent of U.S. law enforcement agencies that participated in the UCR Program submitted data via NIBRS.

When used to its full potential, NIBRS identifies, with precision, when and where crime takes place, what form it takes, and the characteristics of its victims and perpetrators. Armed with such information, law enforcement can better define the resources it needs to fight crime, as well as use those resources in the most efficient and effective manner.

NIBRS, 2018, is available at FBI.

More information about the NIBRS transition is available on the NIBRS webpage at FBI.

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